Nathir Darwazeh, A. (2017). A new revision of the [revised] Bloom’s taxonomy. Distance Learning, 14(3), 13-28. Benjamin Bloom was perhaps one of the most renown cognitivists. He thought about how learning occurred in steps or a hierarchy from simple (like remembering) to more complex (like analyzing), and finally to creating. His framework or taxonomy as it is known has been used widely to develop educational learning objectives. This article discusses Bloom’s taxonomy, its revision, and how it is being used in distance education today.
Levine, L. (Academic). (2013). Cognitive development [Video file]. SAGE Video. In this 2:20 video clip, Laura E. Levine discusses theories of cognitive development that explain how people think and learn. The relationship of memory is also addressed.
Paciotti, K. (2013). Cognitivism: Ways of knowing. In B. Irby, G. Brown, R. Lara-Alecio, & S. Jackson (Eds.), Handbook of educational theory (pp. 105-113). Information Age Publishing. This reading (Chapter 9) traces the development of cognitivism from Piaget, who was focused on the nature of human development and intelligence, to Vygotsky and Bandura, who focused more on cognitivism's social aspects and led the way to constructivist thinking. (You will learn about constructivism next week.) Note the author’s discussion of how environment, culture, and gender may influence cognition.
Clark, K. R. (2018). Learning theories: Cognitivism. Radiologic Technology, 90(2), 176-179. Clark presents an overview of cognitivism and classroom activities connected with this learning theory. Although he relates to radiologic education, it has implications for practice at all education levels. Think about your current practices in the classroom and how cognitivism is applied in the instructional strategies you may already use.
Smith, T. (2019). Schema theory. Salem Press Encyclopedia. Schemas describe how people organize units or categories of knowledge consisting of past knowledge and experience, which then help people integrate new knowledge and bring understanding to it. Schema theory is important in understanding the role that information processing plays in learning.
Tareilo, J. (2013). Stage theory of cognitive development. In B. Irby, G. Brown, R. Lara-Alecio, & S. Jackson (Eds.), Handbook of educational theory (pp. 149-153). Information Age Publishing. In Chapter 13, Tareilo delves into Piaget’s stages of cognitive development, practices for teachers in the classroom, criticisms of Piaget’s theory, and his influence on other learning researchers.