Conroy, M.A. & Murrie, D.C. (2007). Forensic Assessment of Violence Risk: A Guide for Risk Assessment and Risk Management. Wiley. Read Chapter 1. This reading will give you historical information about the field of risk assessment and management to begin to understand critical elements in this area today.
Heilbrun, K. (2009). Evaluation for risk of violence in adults. [electronic resource]. Oxford University Press. Read Chapter 3. This chapter will help you develop a deeper understanding of the basis for risk assessment and their limitations.
Hester, R. (2020). Risk assessment savvy: The imperative of appreciating accuracy and outcome. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 38(3), 246–258. https://doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2457 In this article, the author breaks down how useful predictive validity is in risk assessment and what the numbers actually mean. More specifically, the author highlights the inherent risks in assigning risk levels for actuarial instruments.
Mills, J. F. (2017). Violence risk assessment: A brief review, current issues, and future directions. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 58(1), 40–49. https://doi.org/10.1037/cap0000100 In this manuscript, during the receipt of an award by the Canadian Psychological Association in June 2016, Jeremy Mills discusses critical elements, debates, and changes in the field of risk assessment including addressing structured professional judgment and actuarial approaches to risk assessment, how risk assessment is communicated and utilized, dynamic elements of risk assessment, and the ongoing need to frequently recalibrate instruments for different populations and changes in those populations over time.
Gower, M., Spiranovic, C., Morgan, F., & Saunders, J. (2020). The predictive validity of risk assessment tools used in Australia for female offenders: A systematic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2020.101428 This article assesses the use of risk assessment instruments with female populations and addresses concerns related to validity.