Westert, G. S., Groenewould, S. Wennberg, E. J., Gerard, C., DaSilva, P., & Atsma, F. (2018). Medical practice variation: Public reporting a first necessary step to spark change. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 30(9), 731-735. This article speaks to the need for heightened public visibility and education around variation in medical practice.
Cutler, D., Skinner, J.S., Stern, A.D., & Wennberg, D. (2019). Physician beliefs and patient preferences: a new look at regional variation in health care spending. Am Econ J Econ Policy,11(1),192-221. doi:10.1257/pol.20150421 This article evaluates variation from both the patient and physician perspectives and preferences and the relationship between quality of care.
Constantinescu, A. E. (2020). The anatomy and physiology of process standardization. Journal for Quality & Participation, 42(4), 34-36. Speaks to strategies for reducing variation in the care delivery process.
Noursi, S., Saluja, B., & Richey, L. (2020). Using the ecological systems theory to understand black/white disparities in maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 10.1007/s40615-020-00825-4. Advance online publication. Through research, a validation of disparities as health quality indicators within the population health model.
Ballard, J.D., da Gracia, B., Nicewander, D., & Strauffer, D. B. (2019). Variations in medical practice and implications for quality. In D. B.Nash, M. Joshi, E. R. Ransom, & S. B. Ransom (Eds.), The healthcare quality book: Vision, strategy, and tools (4th ed.). Health Administration Press. Read Chapter 3 (pp. 75-101). This chapter explains the variation in medical practice patterns and measurement tools.
Fairfield, K. M., Black, A. W., Lucas, F. L., Siewers, A. E., Cohen, M. C., Healey, C. T., Behavioral risk factors and regional variation in cardiovascular health care and death. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 54 (3), 376-384. An evaluation of the interaction of risk factors and disease to explain variation in care and mortality rates for heart patients.