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APA Style

This guide contains tips for how to maximize your Academic Writer experience plus additional resources to assist with APA style.

Main Parts of a Reference

Identifying these four (4) elements will help you create a reference for almost any resource.  

Author Who is responsible for the resource?
Date When was the resource published?
Title What is the name of the resource?
Source How can others locate the resource?



Editing References

Alphabetizing the Reference List

Learn how to arrange entries in the reference list, including how to alphabetize multiple works by the same author, the same author and date of publication, different authors with the same surname, group authors, or no author.

Academic Writer

© 2021 American Psychological Association.

Reference List

Learn how to create a References section, including how to ensure entries are accurate, complete, consistently styled, and up-to-date.

Academic Writer

© 2021 American Psychological Association.

Missing Reference Elements

Learn about the four reference elements of an APA Style reference: the author, date, title, and source.

Academic Writer

© 2021 American Psychological Association.

Identifying the Elements

Library Resource 

Resource Listing

The Four Elements

Author/s: Clouse, R. Wilburn; Wilson, Stacy; Rizzo, Ron

Date: 2019

Title: A Cross-Disciplinary Entrepreneurship Commercialization Process Model: Learning In Action

Source:  Journal of Marketing Development & Competitiveness, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p116-142. DOI: 10.33423/jmdc.v13i2.2016

 Reference List Entry

Formatted Reference


Please note: It is acceptable to use either the default display setting (blue hyperlinks) or plain text (without underlining) when formatting DOIs and URLs in reference lists.

Note: While the APA manual and Academic Writer provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources. Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format.

To access the tutorial and samples in full-screen mode, you will need to sign into both NU and Academic WriterHere are instructions for creating an account if you have not already.

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