Wednesday 4:00 p.m.
The Mechanics Drive-In will take the mystery out of academic writing in a supportive small group setting. Through guided practice and discussion, students will develop an understanding of the academic writing process. Students will practice the structures of academic writing, including but not limited to sentence structure, transitions, paragraph and section development, and building a thesis statement. Coaching Scheduler
Some Prewriting Strategies
Thinking: Read the assignment and think about the requirements. What do you need to know? Do you have questions? Are there areas of the topic you want to explore further? Thinking is a critical first step to begin to narrow down your topic and decide what you want to write about specifically.
Questioning: Goes hand-in-hand with thinking. If your topic is Academic Success, then you may have some of the following questions:
Questioning helps you begin to generate interest about a specific topic and allows you to begin to see what areas to explore further.
Freewriting: Is a great way to get all initial ideas out on a page. Ignore your internal editor at this stage and just freewrite all ideas without focusing on grammar, spelling, and organization—that will come later.
Listing: If freewriting is difficult for you, then listing may be the way to go. With listing, write down any information that may be pertinent to the topic. You do not need to be the list in any particular order at first. A next step would be to begin to group pieces of the list that you feel are logically related.
Clustering/Mapping: Clustering or Mapping is a great way to prewrite for the visual learner. This is also another way to use the listing technique above to help you begin to find how the list pieces are logically related. To cluster, start with the main topic and then branch off with sub-topics and supporting details for the sub-topics. See the cluster that illustrates the writing process below.
Outlining: Is related to both listing and clustering and can be a great way to continue to organize thoughts after one or both of these techniques or you may move from thinking/questioning or even from freewriting to this technique. Outlining allows you to see the organization of the paper and to begin to build the structure of the paper. Review the Outlining guide right below this page (use tabs on the left) for more information.
Some Writing Strategies
Some Strategies to Accept and Apply Feedback
When revising, use a similar funnel approach as when writing and start with the big picture then end with smaller details.
Use the steps above to develop a process that works for you to review your document. This process may be done in several “shifts,” which is recommended to avoid getting tired and not catching issues. If you need assistance with developing a revision process that works for you, sign up for an individual session with a writing coach by using the ASC Chat (hours listed on the left of this page).
Fine-tuning through editing and proofreading comes after revising.
For specific strategies on editing and proofreading, see, “Helpful Tips to Edit and Proofread” on the Editing Resources page.
The purpose of writing is to communicate with readers. The readers are the audience. Considering the needs, interests, and expectations of the audience can assist the writer in conveying a written message in an effective form.
Here are some important questions to consider about the audience:
Why will or why should an audience be interested in the topic?
What expectations does the audience have?
What does the audience already know about the topic?
What will the audience need to know about the topic?
What should be gained from the text?
Considering the needs and interests of the intended audience throughout the writing process increases the likelihood of achieving the desired response from the audience.
*Please visit our Audience page for more information on this topic.*