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Writing Resources

This guide contains all of the ASC's writing resources. If you do not see a topic, suggest it through the suggestion box on the Writing home page.

Learning about Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing is like...

Paraphrasing is recylcingRecycling: When you paraphrase, you will take the author's words and turn them into a new sentence by using your own words to convey the same idea.




Re-purposing: While the idea remains the same, some of the words used are different, which ensures that your own writing style and voice is present, along with the original author's ideas. A citation at the end of the paraphrase signals that the words are yours but the thought is from the author cited.  Repurpose- Paraphrasing

Direct Quotations and Paraphrases

Learn how to cite and format direct quotations, including short quotations and block quotations; make and indicate changes to quotations; and cite paraphrased material.

Academic Writer

© 2022 American Psychological Association.

Paraphrasing is a Process

Through the process of paraphrasing, you wil do the following:

  • Understand what the author is trying to convey/explain/state
  • Interact with the source to decide what purpose these words will play in your own writing
  • Think critically to put the passage into your own words
  • Differentiate between key words and common words
  • Cite a source without using an exact quote

Use the 4 R process below in "Key Resource" to help you with paraphrasing.

Understanding Paraphrasing versus Summarizing

Summary versus Paraphrase

Properly Paraphrasing - Group Session

Properly Paraphrasing icon word cloud about paraphrasing

Tuesday 3:00 p.m. & Friday 4:00 p.m.

This group session provides students with strategies and tips to help students build paraphrasing skills. Students can bring their questions and concerns about paraphrasing to the session, participate in paraphrasing activities, group discussions, and evaluate sample paraphrases. You are encouraged to attend this group session whenever you have questions about paraphrasing or want to brush up on your paraphrasing skills. 

Key Resource: The 4 R's--A Paraphrasing Strategy

Using the 4 R's as a Paraphrasing Strategy

Review the graphic below that explains the 4 R's: Read, Restate, Recheck, and Repair and use the attached graphic organizer to help you practice paraphrasing by using this strategy. For additional practice, attend the Properly Paraphrasing group session Sundays and Fridays at 4:00 p.m. PST. 

Paraphrasing 4 R's

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